Two ‘zoom’ modes, designated NE_107M and NE_54M, are available for higher resolution spectral line observations.
Only one zoom window can be activated. It runs concurrently with the wideband 4k channel correlator mode, providing simultaneous wideband continuum observations.
The filter roll-off has a width of ~13.5 MHz for both modes, thus ~27 MHz of the digitized band is not usable. Please see the bandpass response plots for each modes in the sections below.
At the moment, the spectral imager does not run on narrowband modes. Calibration solutions are produced, however, and may help to reduce the processing time. Note that wideband continuum (4K mode) images are produced and may be useful for continuum subtraction.
The SDP calibration pipeline may flag strong spectral lines such as the Galactic HI line and masers. Users are advised when converting to MS to only use the ‘static’, ‘data_lost’, and ‘cam’ flags.
The NE_107M mode
This mode has a digitized bandwidth of 107 MHz with 32k channels (with ~13.5 MHz rolloff on either side, giving an effective bandwidth of ~80 MHz – see Figure 1). This gives a channel width of 3.3 kHz or 0.7 km/s at 1.4 GHz. It is being successfully used for the L-band LSPs MHONGOOSE and Fornax.
Figure 1: Bandpass response of the 107 MHz narrowband mode. The vertical lines indicate 4096 channels inwards from the edge. Users are advised to download and reduce channels 4096–28672 only. The ‘spike’ at 1420 MHz is due to Galactic HI.
In Figure 2 below we show the results of observations of M83 in both wideband and 107 MHz narrowband mode. The correlator is performing as expected and the expected sensitivity is achieved.
Figure 2: Images of M83 from the Local Volume HI Survey (LVHIS, Koribalski 2018) (top), the MeerKAT 32k wideband observation on the 8th of December 2019 (middle) and the MeerKAT 107 MHz narrowband observation on the 10th of April 2020 (bottom) with the same colour scales. The graphs left to right are the integrated value of the spectrum, the intensity weighted coordinate, and the intensity weighted dispersion of the coordinate. The contour levels in the middle plot are: 649, 617.5, 586, 554.6, 523.1, 491.7, 460.2, 428.7, 397.3, 365.8 km/s.
For more details see the commissioning reports from the Large Survey Projects Fornax and MHONGOOSE, which have been conducting extensive observations using this mode since August 2020:
Unfortunately the filter response causes 50% of the NE_54M mode band to be lost, giving an effective bandwidth of 27 MHz. Please see typical bandpass response in Figure 3 below.
Users interested in observing hydroxyl lines should note that while the 1665- and 1667-MHz lines can be observed simultaneously, the bandpass response is not wide enough to encompass the 1612 MHz line as well. The centre frequency cannot be adjusted during an observation.
Figure 3: Bandpass response of the 54 MHz narrowband mode. The vertical lines indicate 8192 channels inwards from the edge. Users are advised to download channels 8192–24576 to reduce file sizes.
This mode was offered on a ‘shared-risk’ basis during the 2022 Open Call for proposals. No issues have been reported.